Periodontal diseases in children

An advanced form of periodontal disease in children, may indicate the condition of early systemic disease.
It is widely believed that periodontal disease is an adult problem, however, studies show that gingivitis
(first stage of the disease), is almost universally in children and adolescents. Although advanced forms of periodontal disease are less common in children than in adults, they can occur, the most common include:

Chronic gingivitis. It is common in children, causes the gums to swell, turn red and bleed easily. It can prevent and treat following a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. If not treated, can progress with time into more serious forms of periodontal disease.

Aggressive periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums and large accumulations of plaque and tartar, which over time can cause teeth to become loose. Localized aggressive periodontitis occurs mainly in adolescents and young adults, may close to puberty and involve the entire mouth. The disease mainly affects the first molars and incisors (front). It is characterized by severe loss of alveolar bone.

Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases occurs in children and adolescents and adults. Conditions that make children more susceptible to periodontal disease are: Diabetes. Type 1, Down syndrome, Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.

Signs of periodontal disease.

There are four basic signs indicating periodontal disease in a child:

1. Bleeding from gums when brushing, flossing or at any other time.
2. Swelling and redness of the gums.
3. Recession, concerns gums that have receded from the teeth, sometimes exposing roots.
4. Constant bad breath that does not disappear when brushing or using dental floss.

Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment of periodontal diseases, so it is important that children receive a periodontal examination as part of routine visits to the dentist.

The most important preventive measure against periodontal disease is to establish good oral habits in children. There are three basic preventive measures that will help your children maintain good oral health:

1. To establish good habits early on oral health. When your child is 12 months, you can begin using toothpaste when brushing your teeth. Use only a drop of toothpaste and push it into the bristles so that the child will not eat it. When the spaces between his teeth close, it’s important to start flossing.
2. You set a good example practice and Buenos oral health habits.
3. Make regular visits to the dentist for your family: checkups, periodontal evaluations and cleanings.
4. Examine the lips of their children and check signs of periodontal disease, including bleeding gums, swelling, redness, recession of gums and bad breath.