The purpose of an implant is to sustain the restoration of one or more missing teeth. Implantology has become one of the most advanced cosmetic techniques in the field of dentistry.
A dental implant is nothing more than the replacement of the tooth root, a small root-shaped device that is placed into the jaw bone to support a dental prosthetic restoration (crown). As Dr. Ivan Flores Apaza, dentist, specialist in implant aesthetics, implants are made of titanium material compatible with living tissues. One of the advantages of the implant is that it requires altering the structure of adjacent teeth to keep fixed the new “crown that will subject entire life.”
Tooth decay, trauma or severe periodontitis (gum disease) are some of the situations that can cause tooth loss and affect the maxillary bone support. In these cases a lasting and healthy option is an implant to replace a missing tooth (or in the alternative, to replace a bridge).
Removable or fixed prosthesis.
Each implant is designed to hold a tooth. In cases where the patient has lost some or all teeth, placement of the number of implants to determine if the prosthesis is placed movable or not. As Dr. Flowers, “with eight to six implants in the respective jaw can reach and maintain in a permanent fixed full arch of teeth (12 to 14 teeth). If we put only two or four implants in the maxillary denture setting will be movable, i.e., it will be a prosthesis that the patient can remove it at any time. Implants: Teeth for life.
According to the specialist, “the most important advantage of prostheses with implant compared with conventional prostheses (those whose only support the edge of the gums), is the retention and stability they provide. Patients with implants feel like part of his ; can laugh, yawn, cough or eat any food with absolute confidence that the prosthesis will remain fixed at its base. ”
Replacing a single tooth.
When we speak of the loss of a single tooth implant use is a functional and aesthetic alternative first order. We say functional because the implant completely replaces the tooth root. “Once in place and the course of months, the bone around the implant is regenerated to maintain its natural functional structure which guarantees a correct fixation and stability to withstand masticator forces as natural teeth do,” says Dr . Flowers.
Implant placement is the first phase of the cosmetic procedure. The second part consists of placing the crown on the dental implant, i.e. the visible part of the tooth. (Remember that the tooth is composed of a visible part called the crown and other unseen inserted into the jawbone and is known as root).