Archive for the ‘Dental Disease’ Category

Infected gums

Infected gums

Periodontal disease releases toxins into the blood that can lead to serious health risks to develop heart disease, premature childbirth, increasing the risk of stroke, tongue cancer, among others.

Healthy gums are the foundation for teeth, as the foundation of a house. Healthy gums provide the support needed to make your teeth work as intended. However, recent research has identified a link between gum disease and other health problems.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, causing red, swollen gums that are painful and bleed easily. Gingivitis is the first stage, only affects the gums and is even reversible. If left untreated can lead to more severe conditions.

Periodontitis is a more advanced stage. The gums, bone and other structures that support the teeth are damaged. This painless disease affects gums and bone support around teeth causing mobility and loss. (more…)

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease

The discovery underscores the importance of pregnant women, even those without other risk factors, maintain good oral health.

According to a study by the University of New York in the United States published in the Journal of Dental Research, pregnant women with periodontal disease, teenage a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, even if they smoke or drink.

The discovery underscores the importance of pregnant women, even those without other risk factors, maintain good oral health.

The study, led by Ananda P. Dasanayake, eliminating smoking and alcohol consumption among a group of 190 pregnant women in Sri Lanka, where a combination of cultural taboos and poverty, preventing women from smoking and drinking. (more…)

Dental crowding and its causes

Dental crowding and its causes

Besides a higher incidence of caries, people with such anomalies may have problems when to talk and can affect self-esteem.

The dental crowding is a problem that has been increasing in recent years in countries like Spain.

The crowding of the teeth referred to the teeth mounted on top of each other is caused by an incorrect diet, increased mouth breathing and acquired some bad habits, especially in childhood.

This type of deformity is due to the disparity between the size of the teeth and the inter-dental space needed to be aligned and, although the appearance of crowded teeth are a genetic component, there has been an increase in incidence of this problem can cause difficulty eating and talking and even oral health as a result of plaque buildup. (more…)

Symptoms of an abscessed tooth

Symptoms of an abscessed tooth

Having a dental abscess can be very unpleasant if not painful. An abscess is actually an infection that has reached either a tooth or the gum around a tooth. People realize they have an abscess when they begin to feel pain, although an abscess may develop for weeks without really having trouble. Therefore, the main symptom is severe pain in the mouth, which comes from the infected tooth, but can also be spread across the side of the face.

Other symptoms may also indicate if an abscessed tooth is about to occur:

1. Gums become red and swollen, with swelling around the tooth;
2. Chewing food becomes painful when the infected tooth is in contact with food or with other teeth;
3. An infection can cause fever, leading to general fatigue and even headaches;
4. After the swelling has occurred, pus may come out of the abscess and drain into the mouth.

This could have a bad taste, and it is recommended to spit out the mouth instead of swallowing it, but the pain is generally calm after the pus.

Leave a cavity without treatment

Leave a cavity without treatment

What can happen if you left a cavity in her mouth without treatment? Dental caries is comparable to infection. It consists of harmful microbes that use sugar to alter the tooth. Over time, this will form a small hole in the tooth, and if not repaired with a filling, the decay will continue to grow.

If decay is left untreated, it can possibly ruin a good part of the tooth. This could make it difficult to repair by a conventional seal. If a large portion of the tooth is destroyed, only crown can restore it.

If micro-organisms of decay reaches the pulp chamber, where the nerves and blood vessels are located, the pulp becomes irritated and infected. This can eventually lead to the formation of a dental abscess can cause much pain. Only a root canal can then repair a tooth whose pulp is infected, and a crown will probably be needed later as final restoration.

There are also situations where a tooth is so destroyed by caries that nothing can be done to fix it, not even a root canal or a crown. In this case, the tooth has unfortunately need to be extracted.

What Is Dental Erosion?

You may never ask why and how the erosion of teeth is formed, this article will explain why the erosion occurred in the teeth.

Dental erosion is the loss of dental hard tissue found on the surface of the teeth due to chemical processes, usually acid attack, without involving plaque. In our diet, some foods and beverages high in acids, and in susceptible individuals and under certain circumstances (Greater exposure to food and / or acidic drinks) it is possible that erosion may occur. A greater frequency of exposure can overwhelm the natural protective ability of the mouth, which varies between individuals.

It is advisable to avoid eating and drinking acidic foods and drinks during the day, limiting their consumption preferably to main meals, and brushing teeth at least twice a day using fluoride toothpaste. It has been suggested that it should avoid brushing teeth immediately after consuming acidic foods or beverages since the brushing in the presence of acid can increase wear of the teeth. Chewing sugarless gum also helps neutralize the effects of acids which stimulates saliva secretion and thus neutralize the action of acids.

Why and How Dental Caries Formed?

Why and How Dental Caries Formed?

Knowing how to take care of your teeth is very important, but knowed why and how dental caries formed is something more important.

Caries is a transmissible infectious disease, the most common affecting the teeth, in which the acids produced by bacteria dissolve the teeth.

Some bacteria such as Streptococci mutans and Lactobacilli, can be transmitted, for example, from parents to children. These bacteria are cariogenic (which means decay-causing) and create a sticky film known as plaque on the surface of the teeth. The bacteria in plaque feed on fermentable carbohydrates and convert them into acids. Fermentable carbohydrates are sugars and other carbohydrates from food and drink, bacteria can ferment. The acids formed dissolve minerals such as calcium and phosphate from teeth. This process is called demineralization.

But tooth decay is not inevitable. Saliva carries food debris left in the mouth, neutralizes acids produced by plaque bacteria and provides calcium and phosphate to the teeth in a process known as remineralization. Saliva also acts as a reservoir for fluoride toothpaste or fluoridated water. Fluoride helps control remineralising tooth decay and inhibiting bacterial acid production, which reduces or stops the decay process.

Tooth decay only occurs when demineralisation exceeds remineralisation over a period of time.

Cause of Dental Caries

Cause of Dental Caries

The following factors have an important effect on dental health:

1.Individual factors

The risk of decay varies between individu and between different teeth within a mouth. The shape of the jaw and oral cavity, the tooth structure and the quantity and quality of saliva are important to determine why some teeth are more prone than others. For example, some teeth may have holes, small cracks or fissures that allow infiltration of acids and bacteria more easily. In some cases, the structure of the jaw or teeth cleaning makes your teeth or flossing more difficult. The quantity and quality of saliva determines the rate of remineralization of teeth. For example, are usually found relatively few cavities in the lower front of the mouth where the teeth are more exposed to saliva. The type and amount of bacteria that create cavities in the mouth are also relevant. All bacteria can turn carbohydrates into acids, but some families of bacteria such as Streptococci and Lactobacilli produce acids in greater quantities. The presence of such bacteria in the plaque increases the risk of decay. Some people have higher levels of bacteria that cause cavities than others due to improper or inadequate oral hygiene.

2.Oral hygiene and fluoride use

In recent years there has been a reduction in the incidence of caries in most European countries. An increase in oral hygiene, including daily brushing and flossing to remove plaque and the use of fluoridated toothpaste, combined with regular dental examinations, seems to be responsible for the improvement. Fluoride inhibits demineralisation, encourages remineralisation and increases the hardness of tooth enamel, making it less soluble acids. A proper amount of fluoride helps prevent and control tooth decay. Fluoride can be supplied in a systematic manner through fluoridated public drinking water, other beverages and fluoride supplements. You can also provide topically, directly on the surface of the teeth through toothpaste, mouthwashes, gels and glazes. In some countries, salt, milk or other beverages have fluoride added and also have fluoride supplements in tablet or liquid. It must take into account the level of fluoride in drinking water and food when assessing the need for fluoride supplements. This is especially important in children under 6 whose teeth are still developing. Excessive consumption of fluoride can cause mottling of teeth, which is known as “fluorosis”. Brush use toothpaste with fluoride appears to be the most important factor in the decline of caries observed in many countries. Brushing and flossing help concomitantly to the fluoride application to remove bacteria from the mouth and reduce the risk of caries and periodontal disease.

The regular application of fluoride enamels made by dentists is a measure to prevent tooth decay established in many countries. This practice is especially recommended for children at high risk of decay.

The regular dental checkups can help detect and monitor potential problems. Check and remove plaque regularly can help lower the incidence of caries. If there is little plate, the amount of acid formed is insignificant and does not produce the cavities. (more…)

Dental Erosion and Caries

Dental Erosion and Caries

Dental erosion is an injury caused by the acids in the diet that causes irreversible loss of tooth tissue. At present this injury has increased by changes in diet and increased consumption of juices and soft drinks. The citric acid, phosphoric, maleic, and other content in frequently consumed beverages are responsible for this injury can be particularly destructive in children if ingested in juice bottle, for extended periods and near the hour of sleep.

According to scientific evidence, how often you eat can be critical in the process of erosion. At bedtime, a bottle should
contain only water. Remember that to prevent tooth erosion, juices and soft drinks should not be administered frequently. Preferably drink them with meals.

Prevention is implementing a set of knowledge, actions and attitudes as early as possible.

Dental caries is a controllable disease. To achieve control we need to consider the following preventive measures: oral hygiene to disrupt the bacteria and food stuck to the teeth, streamline intake of carbohydrates from which microbes produce acids that demineralizating tooth; use fluoride pasta and topics to increase tooth resistance to the action of acids and monitored periodically according to risk.