Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease

The discovery underscores the importance of pregnant women, even those without other risk factors, maintain good oral health.

According to a study by the University of New York in the United States published in the Journal of Dental Research, pregnant women with periodontal disease, teenage a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes, even if they smoke or drink.

The discovery underscores the importance of pregnant women, even those without other risk factors, maintain good oral health.

The study, led by Ananda P. Dasanayake, eliminating smoking and alcohol consumption among a group of 190 pregnant women in Sri Lanka, where a combination of cultural taboos and poverty, preventing women from smoking and drinking. Read the rest of this entry »

Foods to avoid and prevent tooth decay

Foods to avoid and prevent tooth decay

Some foods rich in carbohydrates contribute to tooth decay, just as other types of foods, the level of dental hygiene, availability of fluoride, salivary production and genetic factors also play an important role in the emergence of caries.

Cavities begin with an erosion of the outer layer of the tooth, called enamel, which occurs after the formation of dental plaque in your home can be an accumulation of sugar or other carbohydrates.

We recommend eating too little of these foods to avoid and prevent cavities:

• Milk and dairy products: condensed milk.
• Fatty meats, meat products and offal.
• Cereals: Cookies Stuffed dipped in chocolate or sugar solutions, etc.
• Fruit: Fruit in syrup and candied fruit desired.
• Beverages: Beverages sweetened cola-type, and according to habits, low spirits
graduation (beer, table wines, cider).
• Fats: Cream, butter, lard and tallow.
• Other products to avoid: cakes and pastries stuffed, dipped in chocolate or sugar solutions, candy, etc.
• Sweeteners: Sugar common or sucrose, fructose and glucose syrups.

Periodontal diseases in children

Periodontal diseases in children

An advanced form of periodontal disease in children, may indicate the condition of early systemic disease.
It is widely believed that periodontal disease is an adult problem, however, studies show that gingivitis
(first stage of the disease), is almost universally in children and adolescents. Although advanced forms of periodontal disease are less common in children than in adults, they can occur, the most common include:

Chronic gingivitis. It is common in children, causes the gums to swell, turn red and bleed easily. It can prevent and treat following a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. If not treated, can progress with time into more serious forms of periodontal disease.

Aggressive periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums and large accumulations of plaque and tartar, which over time can cause teeth to become loose. Localized aggressive periodontitis occurs mainly in adolescents and young adults, may close to puberty and involve the entire mouth. The disease mainly affects the first molars and incisors (front). It is characterized by severe loss of alveolar bone. Read the rest of this entry »

Dental amalgam, a material “safe and effective”

Dental amalgam, a material

Encapsulated amalgam, a filling made from a combination of mercury with silver, copper or tin, has been listed as safe and effective material by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration), located in the same category of class II medical device that have gold fillings and composite resin for use in dental restorations.

Dr. Susan Runner, head of the FDA, said that “patients with dental amalgam fillings are not endangered by the adverse health effects associated with mercury. As stated by “prolonged trials in adults and children six years and older with dental amalgam fillings, have not established a causal connection between it and adverse health effects.

Runner explained that some patients “suffer from allergies or sensitivity to mercury or other metals used in dental amalgams” so that such patients may develop “Contact reactions” within the oral cavity.

To address the needs of these patients, Dr. Runner indicated that “the FDA is organizing special controls for dental amalgam to help provide reasonable assurance on its safety and effectiveness.”

In this sense, the U.S. agency advised caution against the use of amalgam in patients with mercury allergy, use ventilation when handling this material and present clearly and succinctly the benefits and risks of the technique before applying it to the patient.

Dental crowding and its causes

Dental crowding and its causes

Besides a higher incidence of caries, people with such anomalies may have problems when to talk and can affect self-esteem.

The dental crowding is a problem that has been increasing in recent years in countries like Spain.

The crowding of the teeth referred to the teeth mounted on top of each other is caused by an incorrect diet, increased mouth breathing and acquired some bad habits, especially in childhood.

This type of deformity is due to the disparity between the size of the teeth and the inter-dental space needed to be aligned and, although the appearance of crowded teeth are a genetic component, there has been an increase in incidence of this problem can cause difficulty eating and talking and even oral health as a result of plaque buildup. Read the rest of this entry »

Therapy eliminates chronic bad breath

Therapy eliminates chronic bad breath

Brushing teeth twice a day with antibacterial toothpaste and a toothbrush with a built-in tongue cleaner helps eliminate chronic bad breath.

This was indicated by a study presented at the 2008 annual meeting of the American Association for Dental Research in Dallas, Texas. Chronic bad breath, or halitosis, usually occurs by the breakdown of bacteria in the mouth, producing substances with a strong sulfur smell.

It is estimated that 25% of adults suffer the embarrassment that causes bad breath and the percentage would reach 50% among older adults. In a study that lasted 28 days and was conducted on 14 adults with halitosis, a team led by Peter Moses, a student at the School of Dentistry at the State University of New York at Buffalo, found that brushing twice daily with a paste containing triclosan and clean the surface of the tongue would solve the problem.

Triclosan is an antibacterial drug is used to treat acne, hand soaps, detergents and deodorants. “Most toothpastes do not contain triclosan,” said Dr. Joseph J. Zambon, who participated in the study. Triclosan is found in the pulp Colgate Total, which makes Colgate-Palmolive Co., which funded the study.

At the beginning and end of the study, the researchers measured levels of air in the mouth with the odor-causing bacteria and analyzed samples of tongue scraping for 20 species of bacteria that cause bad breath. According to the authors, brushing teeth twice a day with toothpaste containing triclosan and scraping the tongue with a cleaner reduced levels of bacteria that cause bad breath of about 400 parts per billion at baseline to about 100 parts to 28 days.

All participants solved the halitosis after using the paste containing triclosan and a tongue cleaner, Moses said in a statement from the university. “The fear of halitosis, known Halitophobia, sometimes is so great that up to 25% of people who say they do not have bad breath,” said the expert, adding: “The Halitophobia is related to obsessive-compulsive disorder and even caused suicides, so that effective therapies are needed for this problem.”

Dental health in pregnancy

Dental health in pregnancy

The gestation period is a period of great change, including hormones and increased blood flow. These changes increase the risk of tooth decay, bleeding gums or gingivitis.

The following tips will allow you to wear your best smile while the time comes to give birth.

Brush your teeth after every meal. Use a fine brush and fluoride toothpaste. Clean the tongue and floss. Its regular use helps prevent gingivitis.

If you have any dental-fulfillment, it is better to do before pregnancy, but if you’re expecting a baby, it should wait for the period between the fourth and sixth month, for the first three are of extreme importance for the development of child and the incidence of complications is higher.

Either way, it is recommended that regular visits to the dentist at least once during pregnancy and again after delivery, that even if you have any dental condition.

However, if your gums are swollen and oozing or have the impression that you move your teeth, go immediately to the dentist, because they might be symptoms of a periodontal problem.

To have healthy teeth, food plays a major role. Avoid sugar, “as far as possible,” for its high consumption makes it more aggressive plaque and produce acids that attack the enamel and cause cavities.

The gum tissues are extremely sensitive to hormonal changes that might favor even situations that would involve the loss of teeth.

Against bad breath, parsley, mint or lemon

Against bad breath, parsley, mint or lemon

Bad breath or halitosis is a lesser evil that often does not affect the sufferer, but that may disturb a third and be very harmful on personal relationships.

If you suffer from this problem, you can combat it by following these tips:

- Brush your tongue, just as we brush our teeth
- Parsley and mint: Chewing fresh leaves of parsley or mint for 10 or 15 minutes
- Lemon: chew a piece of lemon peel for a couple of minutes after meals
- Baking: rinsing the mouth after brushing with a little warm water and a pinch of baking

Lesions and mouth such as sores or cold sores-and nostrils are mainly responsible for bad breath. However, are very common causes digestion and decomposition in the mouth of the food consumed, and hormonal factors (certain phases of the menstrual period in women).

The presence of caries and misplaced teeth, along with poor oral hygiene, leads to accumulation of food wastes to decompose causing a stench that is expelled with the breath. Against bad breath, parsley, mint or lemon.

The digestion of certain foods like garlic, onions, peppers, very fatty foods, certain spices, etc. produce gases that contribute to bad breath. The consumption of alcohol and snuff also causes halitosis, as well as the presence of infections in areas where air circulates: pharynx, larynx, bronchi or lungs.

Implants: Teeth for life

Implants: Teeth for life

The purpose of an implant is to sustain the restoration of one or more missing teeth. Implantology has become one of the most advanced cosmetic techniques in the field of dentistry.

A dental implant is nothing more than the replacement of the tooth root, a small root-shaped device that is placed into the jaw bone to support a dental prosthetic restoration (crown). As Dr. Ivan Flores Apaza, dentist, specialist in implant aesthetics, implants are made of titanium material compatible with living tissues. One of the advantages of the implant is that it requires altering the structure of adjacent teeth to keep fixed the new “crown that will subject entire life.”

Tooth decay, trauma or severe periodontitis (gum disease) are some of the situations that can cause tooth loss and affect the maxillary bone support. In these cases a lasting and healthy option is an implant to replace a missing tooth (or in the alternative, to replace a bridge).

Removable or fixed prosthesis. Read the rest of this entry »

Problems with dry mouth

Problems with dry mouth

Dry mouth, or xerostomia, is a state where there is a lack of saliva in the mouth. It is a condition that has multiple causes, and it is sometimes possible to treat it, or at least make the situation more comfortable. Saliva is important to keep the mouth moist and clean teeth. It neutralizes the acids produced by plaque and gets rid of dead cells that accumulate on the gums, cheeks and tongue. Saliva also prevents infection by reducing the number of bacteria and fungi in the mouth. And nutrition, saliva helps digest food by making them soft.

There are some problems that may arise from xerostomia:

1. The risk of gum disease increases when the mouth is dry;
2. The risk for cavities also increases because the saliva limit the growth of bacteria that is part of a clean food debris and plaque;
3. Saliva enhances the ability to drip and swallowing food and in addition, the enzymes in saliva help digest food; xerostomia compromises so food because it reduces the ability to appreciate and digest food ;
4. Have a dry mouth can also make it difficult to wear dentures (dentures and partials) because contact with the gums is painful when they are dry.